Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine)

Strength(s): 150 mg ; 300 mg ; 600 mg

Active Ingredient: Oxcarbazepine



Trileptal medication helps in the adjunctive therapy and the monotherapy for the treatment of partial seizures in adults. Trileptal has also proven to be an effective drug for the treatment of epilepsy in pediatrics. Trileptal also controls adjunctive therapy in children aged two years having epilepsy or partial seizures.

These therapeutic effects are made possible by the effect of Trileptal on curbing severe or mild brain atrophy. It is a condition that lessens blood flow in some crucial parts of the brain triggering the onset of seizures. It also restores electrical and biochemical equilibrium in the brain hence addressing the issue of experiencing seizures.

Drug description and mode of action

Trileptal belongs to a class of medicines known as antiepileptic medications. It is taken orally and comes in film-coated tablets in 150mg, 300mg, and 600mg forms. For users with inabilities in taking tablets, an oral suspension form is available as 300 mg/5ml (60 mg/dl). In production, Trileptal contains certain inactive ingredients such as propylene glycol, sodium and potassium saccharine, pure water (for gels), ascorbic acid, magnesium stearate, oxides of iron and colloidal suspensions of titanium dioxide.

Trileptal is generically known as Oxcarbazepine and appears physically as a white or faintly red, yellow crystalline powder. It dissolves best in organic solvents such as acetone, methanol, chloroform, and dichloromethane. Solubility in water and ethanol is fair hence not produced this way commercially.

Side effects of Trileptal

Any drug is bound to initiate some adverse side effects, and so is Trileptal. For instance, users may experience side effects which range from mild to severe depending on the severity of the case. Most reported cases usually entail cases like overdose and underdose. In some cases, issues of drug abuse and misuse often bring complexities such as dependence and tolerance. Users are advised to seek immediate medical attention when they experience symptoms such as:

Burning, excessive hunger, eye pain, itching, numbness, prickling, deafness or hearing loss, tingling feelings, cloudy or bloody urine, dizziness, confusion, convulsions (seizures), cold and pale skin, increased urination, indigestion and stomach upset in the stomach area.

Other people experience abnormal vision, anxiety, behaviour change similar to redness of the eye, blurred vision, bone pain, pain, chills, cold sweats, in amount of urine or the frequency of urination, vision, difficulty in concentrating and dizziness or light-headedness especially when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position.

Double vision, drowsiness, dry eyes and mouth, dryness, redness, scaling, crawling, peeling of the skin, fainting or faintness, fast/ irregular/ pounding heartbeat and breast enlargement in some cases.

In conclusion, Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine) is an effective anti-epileptic drug that can control frequency and severity of fits and seizures in epileptic persons. Although Trileptal is a cheap drug available for anyone to buy, individuals who access these medicinal products in a pharmacy or those who order Trileptal online should strictly adhere to a doctor’s prescription.

Trileptal has the potential to reduce the sodium stores in the body. Reduced sodium levels have the capability to induce a life-threatening electrolyte imbalance. Users who experience psycho-motor effects should contact a doctor immediately. These effects may include loss of appetite, memory impairment, hallucinations, confusions, fainting, light-headedness, general weakness, feeling of unsteady and increased frequency and severity of seizures.

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